- We must be absolutely sure about the facts (as we failed to do for the Second Gulf War).
- Every other means (such as sanctions) must have been exhausted.
- There must be an international authority, typically a resolution by the UN Security Council (as in the First Gulf War).
- It must be clear that the situation created by military intervention will bring about an improvement.
These annual lectures are in honour of (David) Evan Trant Luard (31 October 1926 – 8 February 1991), better known as Evan Luard, MP for Oxford, 1966-70 and again from October 1974. He was educated at Felsted School and King's College, Cambridge, where he gained a First in Modern Languages. In 1950, he joined the Diplomatic Service, and after learning Chinese was stationed in Peking from 1952 to 1954. In 1956 he resigned from the diplomatic service in protest at Britain's involvement in the Suez Crisis.
He became a research fellow at St Antony's College, Oxford in 1957 where he was able to research Chinese relations with Britain. He was a Labour councillor on Oxford City Council from 1958 to 1961. Evan Luard contested the Oxford parliamentary constituency for Labour in 1964, and in 1966 was elected. In 1970 he lost his seat but was re-elected in October 1974. He served as a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in the Foreign Office from 1969 till 1970 and again from 1976 until Labour left power in 1979. He joined the SDP soon after its formation, and contested the 1983 General Election for the party in the newly formed constituency of Oxford West and Abingdon. He was de-selected in 1987 in favour of Chris Huhne.
Luard is also known for his sociological theories including the hierarchy theory. His exhaustive study of war, War in International Society: A Study in International Sociology, was published in Britain in 1986 and by Yale University Press in the United States in 1987.
Evan Luard Lectures: 16 October 2002: The Rt Reverend Richard Harries, “The Just War”. 13 November 2007: Professor Sir Adam Roberts, “Guantanamo Bay and all that”. 25 November 2008: General Sir Hugh Beach, “The Hydropolitics of Palestine”. 10 November 2009: Dr Nigel Bowles, “Barack Obama and Changes in American Foreign Policy”. 30 November 2010: Professor Richard Caplan, “Humanitarian Intervention” 7 November 2011: Dr Michael Willis, “The Arab Spring”. 4 December 2012: Douglas Hurd, Lord Hurd of Westwell, “A New Role for the United Nations - the Right to Protect”.
4 December 2012